PRISON REFORMS

'Prisons'/'persons detained therein' is a State subject under Entry 4 of List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. Administration and management of prisons is the responsibility of respective State Governments. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs provides regular guidance and advice to States and UTs on various issues concerning prisons and prison inmates.

Acts

Acts
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1The Prisons Act, 1894Download (61.33 KB) pdf
2The Transfer of Prisoners Act, 1950Download (13.63 KB) pdf
3The Repatriation of Prisoners Act, 2003Download (55.64 KB) pdf

Rules

Rules
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1The Repatriation of Prisoners Rules, 2004Download (34.78 KB) pdf

Model Prison Manual

Model Prison Manual
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1Model Prison Manual 2016Click Here

Advisories

Advisories
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1Consular Access to Foreign nationals in prisons, custody or detentionDownload (1.39 MB) pdf
2Grant of Parole/Furlough to inmates and their premature release from prison-review of GuidelinesDownload (1.47 MB) pdf
3Bringing attitudinal change in Prison officials - February 25, 2020Download (1.6 MB) pdf
4Management of Covid 19 in Prisons May 2, 2020Download (1.01 MB) pdf
5Precautionary measures Covid 19 - Advisory 12 March 2020Download (429.96 KB) pdf
6Strengthening of Security arrangements in Jails (21 Sep1998)Download (16.62 KB) pdf
7Facilities to the children of women prisoners – Guidelines issued by the Supreme Court (15 May 2006)Download (93.75 KB) pdf
8Tightening of security measures in jails (14 Aug 2006)Download (15.48 KB) pdf
9Sensitization to Prison inmates on HIV/AIDS (29Nov2007)Download (11.57 KB) pdf
10Detention of mentally ill undertrial prisoners – Guidelines issued by the Supreme Court (13 Dec 2007)Download (41.42 KB) pdf
11Ban of smoking etc. in prison premises (23 March 2009)Download (13.04 KB) pdf
12Transfer of prisoner from one jail to another (16 July 2009)Download (13.5 KB) pdf
13Comprehensive Advisory on Prison Administration (17 July 2009)Download (104.41 KB) pdf
14Improving of security measures in jails to avoid the incident of jail breaking (16 Oct 2009) Download (13.46 KB) pdf
15Smuggling of drugs into prisons (25 May 2010)Download (13.2 KB) pdf
16Use of mobile phones in prisons (07 June 2010)Download (861.56 KB) pdf
17Advisory on the policy for the treatment of terminally ill prisoners-inmates (TIPs) (13 Aug 2010)Download (18.77 KB) pdf
18Best Prison Practices (08 Nov 2010)Download (62.43 KB) pdf
19Appointment of Non-Official Visitors in Prisons (18 Feb 2011)Download (19.17 KB) pdf
20Overcrowding in prisons (09 May 2011)Download (42.06 KB) pdf
21Advisory regarding guidelines for educational programme for prison inmates (15 June 2011)Download (25.05 KB) pdf
22Use of Section 436A of the Cr.P.C to Reduce Overcrowding of Prisons (17 Jan 2013)Download (145.76 KB) pdf
23Section 433 A of Cr.P.C and “Restriction on powers of remission or commutation in certain cases (01 Feb 2013)Download (191.37 KB) pdf
24Guidelines for safeguarding the interest of the Death Row Convicts (04 Feb 2014)Download (1.54 MB) pdf
25Guidelines for reckoning half life spent in judicial custody of UTPs under Section 436 A of Cr.P.C (27 Sep 2014)Download (1.47 MB) pdf
26Access of prisoners to Aadhar/NPR in Correctional Homes (27 Sep 2015)Download (886.42 KB) pdf
27Advisory on adoption of measures by the States/UTs for improvement of security of jails (28 April 2015)Download (1.35 MB) pdf
28Guidelines for allowing visit inside jails by individuals/ NGOs/ Company/Press for the purposes of undertaking research, making documentary or interviewing the inmates, etc. (24 July 2015) Download (817.06 KB) pdf
29Security advisory for shifting of high risk prisoners from the jail of one State/UT to the jail of another State/UT)m (24 Sep 2015)Download (871.13 KB) pdf
30Hon'ble Supreme Court direction for installation of CCTV Cameras in all prisons of the country - reg (10 Dec 2015)Download (188.47 KB) pdf
31Identification of visitors-use of Aadhaar (17 Feb 2017)Download (8.4 MB) pdf
32Aadhaar Seeding of Prisoners (7 March 2017)Download (5.09 MB) pdf
33Resolutions adopted by 5th National Conference of Heads of Prisons of States/UTs on Prison Reforms (7 March 2017)Download (1.77 MB) pdf
34Recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee Advisory (1 March 2018)Download (14.17 MB) pdf
35SOP for Under-Trial Review Committees (UTRCs) prepared by NALSA (18 Feb 2019)Download (9.29 MB) pdf
36Consular access to foreign nationals in prisons, custody or detention (02 Aug 2019)Download (1.09 MB) pdf
37Safety and security of Prisons and prison inmates - Formation High Security Jail in States (25 Oct 2019)Download (1.89 MB) pdf
38Addressing the issue of Overcrowding in Prisons and providing relief to under trial prisoners (25 Nov 2019)Download (1.48 MB) pdf
39Actionable points arising out of the speech of the Hon'ble Union Home Minister on the occasion of the 49th Foundation Day of the BPR&D(25 Feb 2020)Download (940.6 KB) pdf

Guidelines

Guidelines
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1UNODC Nelson Mandela RulesDownload (372.19 KB) pdf
2ICRC Guidelines on investigating deaths in custodyDownload (503.77 KB) pdf
3NHRC selected letters and guidelines on deaths in custody (14 Dec 1993)Download (202.49 KB) pdf
4NHRC-SUICIDE IN PRISON 2014Download (4.56 MB) pdf
5Guidelines for implementation of ePrisons Project (26 March 2018)Download (1.34 MB) PDF
6Technical Guidelines For Implementation of ePrisons project (15 June 2018)Download (551.76 KB) pdf

REPORTS

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume I

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume I
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1Part IDownload (4.99 MB) pdf
2Part IIDownload (4.96 MB) pdf
3Part IIIDownload (5.73 MB) pdf
4Part IVDownload (4.98 MB) pdf
5Part VDownload (6.47 MB) pdf
6Part VIDownload (6.05 MB) pdf
7Part VIIDownload (7.34 MB) pdf
8Part VIIIDownload (7.83 MB) pdf
9Implementation of Mulla Committee Report on Jail Reforms-Volume IDownload (967.96 KB) pdf

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume II

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume II
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1Part IDownload (4.65 MB) pdf
2Part IIDownload (4.28 MB) pdf
3Part IIIDownload (4.44 MB) pdf
4Part IVDownload (5.46 MB) pdf
5Part VDownload (4.12 MB) pdf
6Part VIDownload (2.23 MB) pdf
7Part VII Download (6.01 MB) pdf
8Implementation of Mulla Committee Report on Jail Reforms-Volume IIDownload (6.56 MB) pdf

Correctional Service Medals

AWARD OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICE MEDAL FOR GALLANTRY AND DISTINGUISHED/MERITORIOUS SERVICES. The All India Committee on Jail Reforms (1980-83) had recommended that Government of India should institute medals for rewarding prison personnel and the State Governments/UT Administrations should suitably recognize special services rendered by the prison personnel. The aforesaid recommendations were further supported by a Group of Officers headed by Shri R.K. Kapoor (1986). The Group of Officers was constituted to examine and review various aspects of administration and management of prisons, especially in the context of security and discipline in prisons and suggest measures for their improvement. Based on these recommendations, the following medals have been instituted for award to the prison personnel every year on the occasions of the Republic Day and Independence Day:p Gallantry Medal President’s Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry (PCSMG) Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry (CSMG) Service Medal President’s Correctional service Medal for Distinguished Service (PCSMDS) Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service (CSMMS) A maximum of 25 President’s Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service and 75 Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service can be awarded in a year. There is no limit to the number of medals that can be awarded for gallantry in a year. The President’s Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service/gallantry and the Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service/gallantry are awarded: for a specially distinguished record in correctional service. for success in organizing correctional service or maintaining the administration in special difficulties like mass admission of prisoners. For outstanding ability in putting out riots, preventing escape of prisoners, rescuing the officials, sportsmanship, public work and exemplary service marked by efficiency, devotion to duty, integrity, loyalty, high sense of discipline and spirit of sacrifice. The President’s Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry and the Correctional service Medal for Gallantry are awarded for conspicuous/exceptional gallantry in apprehending a prisoner or in preventing their escape, the risk incurred being estimated with regard to the obligations and the duties of the officer concerned and for the outstanding work done in the preceding year.

Correctional Service Medals
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1Following prison personnel were awarded the Correctional Service MedalsDownload (429.08 KB) pdf
2Monetary enhancement for Gallantry for prison personnel (24 Jan 2014)Download (704.88 KB) pdf