PRISON REFORMS

'Prisons'/'persons detained therein' is a State subject under Entry 4 of List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. Administration and management of prisons is the responsibility of respective State Governments. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs provides regular guidance and advice to States and UTs on various issues concerning prisons and prison inmates.

Acts

Acts
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1The Prisons Act, 1894Download (61.33 KB) pdf
2The Transfer of Prisoners Act, 1950Download (13.63 KB) pdf
3The Repatriation of Prisoners Act, 2003Download (55.64 KB) pdf

Rules

Rules
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1The Repatriation of Prisoners Rules, 2004Download (34.78 KB) pdf

Model Prison Manual

Model Prison Manual
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1Model Prison Manual 2016Click Here

Advisories

Advisories
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1Transformation@75- Celebrating Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav with jail inmates (23.6.2022)Download (633.37 KB) pdf
2Grant of Special Remission to Prisoners as part of celebrations of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav - addition of a new Special Remission Module in ePrisons (10.6.2022)Download (7.26 MB) pdf
3Measures for effective Prison Administration and strengthening security arrangements in prisons, etc. (2.5.2022)Download (916.12 KB) pdf
4150th Birth Anniversary of Sri Aurobindo (8.4.2022)Download (3.45 MB) pdf
5Advisory on Treatment and Care of Transgender Persons in Prisons (10.1.2022)Download (1.52 MB) PDF
6Advisory regarding absconding and escape prisoners- use of ePrisons to leverage technology(4.10.2021)Download (2.26 MB) pdf
7Advisory on Dealing with Mental Health issues of Prisoners and prison inmates dated (24.6.2021)Download (6.79 MB) pdf
8Contagion of Covid 19 virus in prisons, Order issued by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India on (7.5.2021)Download (195.59 KB) pdf
9Prevention and Control of Covid-19 in Prisons and Correctional Homes dated (20.4.2021)Download (5.18 MB) pdf
10Consular Access to Foreign nationals in prisons, custody or detention (21.9.2020)Download (1.39 MB) pdf
11Grant of Parole/Furlough to inmates and their premature release from prison-review of Guidelines (3.9.2020)Download (1.47 MB) pdf
12Management of Covid 19 in Prisons (2.5.2020)Download (1.01 MB) pdf
13Advisory on Precautionary measures Covid 19 - Advisory (12.3.2020)Download (429.96 KB) pdf
14Actionable points arising out of the speech of the Hon'ble Union Home Minister on the occasion of the 49th Foundation Day of the BPR&D(25.2.2020)Download (940.6 KB) pdf
15Bringing attitudinal change in Prison officials -(25.2.2020)Download (1.6 MB) pdf
16Addressing the issue of Overcrowding in Prisons and providing relief to under trial prisoners (25.11.2019)Download (1.48 MB) pdf
17Safety and security of Prisons and prison inmates - Formation High Security Jail in States (25.10.2019)Download (1.89 MB) pdf
18Consular access to foreign nationals in prisons, custody or detention (02.8.2019)Download (1.09 MB) pdf
19SOP for Under-Trial Review Committees (UTRCs) prepared by NALSA (18.2.2019)Download (9.29 MB) pdf
20Report titled 'Women in Prisons' prepared by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.(2.11.2018)Download (1.9 MB) pdf
21Report of the National Commission for Women for improving the condition of women inmates in prisons(2.11.2018)Download (1.39 MB) pdf
22Recommendations of the Parliamentary Committee Advisory (1.3.2018)Download (14.17 MB) pdf
23Resolutions adopted by 5th National Conference of Heads of Prisons of States/UTs on Prison Reforms (7.3.2017)Download (1.77 MB) pdf
24Aadhaar Seeding of Prisoners (7.3.2017)Download (5.09 MB) pdf
25Identification of visitors-use of Aadhaar (17.2.2017)Download (8.4 MB) pdf
26Hon'ble Supreme Court direction for installation of CCTV Cameras in all prisons of the country - reg (10.12.2015)Download (188.47 KB) pdf
27Access of prisoners to Aadhar/NPR in Correctional Homes (27.9.2015)Download (886.42 KB) pdf
28Security advisory for shifting of high risk prisoners from the jail of one State/UT to the jail of another State/UT)m (24.9.2015)Download (871.13 KB) pdf
29Guidelines for allowing visit inside jails by individuals/ NGOs/ Company/Press for the purposes of undertaking research, making documentary or interviewing the inmates, etc. (24.7.2015) Download (817.06 KB) pdf
30Advisory on adoption of measures by the States/UTs for improvement of security of jails (28.4.2015)Download (1.35 MB) pdf
31Guidelines for reckoning half life spent in judicial custody of UTPs under Section 436 A of Cr.P.C (27.9.2014)Download (1.47 MB) pdf
32Guidelines for safeguarding the interest of the Death Row Convicts (04.2.2014)Download (1.54 MB) pdf
33Section 433 A of Cr.P.C and “Restriction on powers of remission or commutation in certain cases (1.2.2013)Download (191.37 KB) pdf
34Use of Section 436A of the Cr.P.C to Reduce Overcrowding of Prisons (17.1.2013)Download (145.76 KB) pdf
35Advisory regarding guidelines for educational programme for prison inmates (15.6.2011)Download (25.05 KB) pdf
36Overcrowding in prisons (09.5.2011)Download (42.06 KB) pdf
37Appointment of Non-Official Visitors in Prisons (18.2.2011)Download (19.17 KB) pdf
38Best Prison Practices (08.11.2010)Download (62.43 KB) pdf
39Advisory on the policy for the treatment of terminally ill prisoners-inmates (TIPs) (13.8.2010)Download (18.77 KB) pdf
40Use of mobile phones in prisons (07.6.2010)Download (861.56 KB) pdf
41Smuggling of drugs into prisons (25.5.2010)Download (13.2 KB) pdf
42Improving of security measures in jails to avoid the incident of jail breaking (16.10.2009) Download (13.46 KB) pdf
43Comprehensive Advisory on Prison Administration (17.7.2009)Download (104.41 KB) pdf
44Transfer of prisoner from one jail to another (16.7.2009)Download (13.5 KB) pdf
45Ban of smoking etc. in prison premises (23.3.2009)Download (13.04 KB) pdf
46Detention of mentally ill undertrial prisoners – Guidelines issued by the Supreme Court (13.12.2007)Download (41.42 KB) pdf
47Sensitization to Prison inmates on HIV/AIDS (29.11.2007)Download (11.57 KB) pdf
48Tightening of security measures in jails (14.8.2006)Download (15.48 KB) pdf
49Facilities to the children of women prisoners – Guidelines issued by the Supreme Court (15.5.2006)Download (93.75 KB) pdf
50Strengthening of Security arrangements in Jails (21.9.1998)Download (16.62 KB) pdf

Guidelines

Guidelines
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1Implementation of the Modernisation of Prisons in Prisons of all States and UTs(5 April 2022)Download (2.85 MB) pdf
2UNODC Nelson Mandela RulesDownload (372.19 KB) pdf
3ICRC Guidelines on investigating deaths in custodyDownload (503.77 KB) pdf
4NHRC selected letters and guidelines on deaths in custody (14 Dec 1993)Download (202.49 KB) pdf
5NHRC-SUICIDE IN PRISON 2014Download (4.56 MB) pdf
6Guidelines for implementation of ePrisons Project (26 March 2018)Download (1.34 MB) PDF
7Technical Guidelines For Implementation of ePrisons project (15 June 2018)Download (551.76 KB) pdf

REPORTS

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume I

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume I
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1Part IDownload (4.99 MB) pdf
2Part IIDownload (4.96 MB) pdf
3Part IIIDownload (5.73 MB) pdf
4Part IVDownload (4.98 MB) pdf
5Part VDownload (6.47 MB) pdf
6Part VIDownload (6.05 MB) pdf
7Part VIIDownload (7.34 MB) pdf
8Part VIIIDownload (7.83 MB) pdf
9Implementation of Mulla Committee Report on Jail Reforms-Volume IDownload (967.96 KB) pdf

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume II

Report of All India Committee on Jail Reforms (Mulla Committee) Volume II
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1Part IDownload (4.65 MB) pdf
2Part IIDownload (4.28 MB) pdf
3Part IIIDownload (4.44 MB) pdf
4Part IVDownload (5.46 MB) pdf
5Part VDownload (4.12 MB) pdf
6Part VIDownload (2.23 MB) pdf
7Part VII Download (6.01 MB) pdf
8Implementation of Mulla Committee Report on Jail Reforms-Volume IIDownload (6.56 MB) pdf

Correctional Service Medals

AWARD OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICE MEDAL FOR GALLANTRY AND DISTINGUISHED/MERITORIOUS SERVICES. The All India Committee on Jail Reforms (1980-83) had recommended that Government of India should institute medals for rewarding prison personnel and the State Governments/UT Administrations should suitably recognize special services rendered by the prison personnel. The aforesaid recommendations were further supported by a Group of Officers headed by Shri R.K. Kapoor (1986). The Group of Officers was constituted to examine and review various aspects of administration and management of prisons, especially in the context of security and discipline in prisons and suggest measures for their improvement. Based on these recommendations, the following medals have been instituted for award to the prison personnel every year on the occasions of the Republic Day and Independence Day:p Gallantry Medal President’s Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry (PCSMG) Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry (CSMG) Service Medal President’s Correctional service Medal for Distinguished Service (PCSMDS) Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service (CSMMS) A maximum of 25 President’s Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service and 75 Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service can be awarded in a year. There is no limit to the number of medals that can be awarded for gallantry in a year. The President’s Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service/gallantry and the Correctional Service Medal for Meritorious Service/gallantry are awarded: for a specially distinguished record in correctional service. for success in organizing correctional service or maintaining the administration in special difficulties like mass admission of prisoners. For outstanding ability in putting out riots, preventing escape of prisoners, rescuing the officials, sportsmanship, public work and exemplary service marked by efficiency, devotion to duty, integrity, loyalty, high sense of discipline and spirit of sacrifice. The President’s Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry and the Correctional service Medal for Gallantry are awarded for conspicuous/exceptional gallantry in apprehending a prisoner or in preventing their escape, the risk incurred being estimated with regard to the obligations and the duties of the officer concerned and for the outstanding work done in the preceding year.

Correctional Service Medals
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1Correctional Service Medals - Independence Day 2022Download (238.79 KB) pdf
2Correctional Service Medals - Republic Day 2021Download (114.5 KB) pdf
3Following prison personnel were awarded the Correctional Service MedalsDownload (429.08 KB) pdf
4Monetary enhancement for Gallantry for prison personnel (24 Jan 2014)Download (704.88 KB) pdf