Border Management-I Division
Securing the country’s borders against interests hostile to the country and putting in place systems that are able to interdict such elements while facilitating legitimate trade and commerce are among the principal objectives of border management. As part of the strategy to secure the borders as also to create infrastructure in the border areas of the country, several initiatives have been undertaken by the Border Management-I Division. These include construction of fence, floodlighting, roads, Border Out Posts (BOPs), Company Operating Bases (COBs) and deployment of technological solutions along the India-Pakistan, India-Bangladesh, India-China, India-Nepal, India-Bhutan and India-Myanmar borders. India shares borders with the countries as below:-
(i) Bangladesh - 4096.70 kms running along West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
(ii) Pakistan - 3323 kms running along Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab, Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh.
(iii) China - 3488 kms running along Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Union Territory of Ladakh.
(iv) Nepal - 1751 kms running along Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim.
(v) Bhutan - 699 kms running along Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.
(vi) Myanmar - 1643 kms running along Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.
(vii) Afghanistan - 106 kms running along Union Territory of Ladakh
Border Infrastructure and Management (BIM) Scheme: Border Infrastructure and Management (BIM) Scheme is a Central Sector Scheme comprising of projects aimed at infrastructure development of India’s international borders, which is being implemented by BM-I Division. The approved cost of the scheme during the period 2021-22 to 2025-26 is Rs. 13,020 crore. The scheme aims to enhance the security along the borders of the country and involve implementing a number of projects for the development of border infrastructure such as Border Fence, Border Roads, Border Floodlights, Border Out Posts (BOPs), Helipads and foot tracks along the international borders of the country. It also involves deployment of technological solutions in such patches of the borders, which are not feasible for physical fence.
Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System: To improve situational awareness at different levels of hierarchy to facilitate prompt and quick response to emerging situations along the India-Pakistan Border (IPB) and India-Bangladesh Border (IBB), a Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) has been conceptualized which is the integration of manpower, sensors, networks, intelligence and command control solutions.